Animal Diversity 
Human Intervention
Web of Life
Fauna at Tumbi Wetlands
Fungi at Tumbi Wetlands
The biodiversity existing among living things in a healthy environment includes

Plants - and -Animals - and - Fungi .

To learn more about any of the living things at Tumbi Wetlands, mouse click on one of the underlined links above or one of the photos below that describes your interest.

  Choose plants Choose animals Choose fungi 

  Animals include invertebrates with no hard body parts
or with only a protective hard shell on the outside of the body.
Some of these have parts that are jointed so that they can move,
and vertebrates, with an internal skeleton like humans

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Worms Snails Arthropods Insects Spiders Amphibians Reptiles Birds Mammals Vertebrates All animals at Tumbi wetlands
[ Worms ] [ Snails ] [ Arthropods ] [ Vertebrates ]

Animals with soft bodies and no external protection: Worms
There are quite a lot of animals with soft bodies, many of which are so small that a microscope is needed to see them, but among the ones we can see, there is a variety of worms, including earthworms which live in the soil and leaches which usually are found in or near water.
Photo at left shows some of the small worms living in the mud at the bottom of the pool; notice the adaptation shown by the small one - it has a lot of bed blood cells to help it extract oxygen from the largely depleted water around it.
Leeches are segmented worms, just like earthworms, that usually live in water. They are an interesting part of the food chain as they are both food for predators and predators themselves.

Animals with soft bodies inside a hard shell: Molluscs or Snails
Some of the animals with soft bodies, protect themselves by growing a shell as a covering or a "house".

Here is one of the larger water snails at Tumbi Wetlands - less than 2 cm long, crawling along with feelers extended. They browse on the algae covering the rocks in the pond.

  Animals with hard shells and jointed legs: Arthropods
There are two major groups of animals with hard outer shells and jointed limbs. They are classified by the number of pairs of legs each one has. Insects have 3 pair, spiders have 4 pair and others e.g. centipedes, have more.
Insects and Spiders
Typical insect structure Typical spider structure 
 Insects are a very diverse group of animals and are divided into groups according to how their wings are structured. Some have four wings, like Dragonflies and Beetles. For Beetles the outer wings are hard like the body shell. Many insects have a life cycle of 4 stages
Egg  Caterpiller  Coocoon  Adult
but others just grow from small nymphs to larger adults, shedding their hard outer skin as they grow out of it.
Spiders are predators, hunters of smaller animals, which have evolved to have quite a variety of different web types. These were monitored during a biodiversity survey when at least 11 different types of webs were encountered. Some were large round webs at least half a metre across while the smallest was only a few centimetres across. 

  Animals with backbones: vertebrates
There are no fish at Tumbi Wetlands but all the other vertebrate groups are represented:

Amphibians resident in, or visiting Tumbi Wetlands
Common Eastern FrogletCrinia signifera
Striped Marsh FrogLimnodynastes peronii

Reptiles resident in, or visiting Tumbi Wetlands
Blue-tongued LizardTiliqua scincoide
Land MulletEgernia major
Eastern Water SkinkEulamprus quoyii
Common Garden SkinkLampropholis guichenoti
Red-bellied Black SnakePseudechis porphyriacus

Birds resident in, or visiting Tumbi Wetlands
Links below are to photographs of these birds on this site.
GalahEolophus roseicapillus
Black Cockatoo Calyptorhynchus funereus
King ParrotAlisterus scapularis
Rainbow LorrikeetTrichoglossus haematodus
Eastern RosellaPlatycercus eximius
Eastern SpinebillAcanthorhynchus tenuiorosris
Little WattlebirdAnthochaera chrysoptera
Red WattlebirdAnthochaera carunculata
Yellow-faced HoneyeaterLichenostomus chrysops
White-cheeked HoneyeaterPhylidonyris nigra
Scarlet HoneyeaterMyzomela sanguinolenta
Noisy FriarbirdPhilemon corniculatus
Lewin's HoneyeaterMeliphaga lewinii
Noisy MinerManorina melanochephala
Spotted pardalotepardalotus punctatus
Eastern Yellow RobinEopsaltria australis
Rose RobinPetroica rosea
Grey FantailRhipidura albiscapa
Superb Fairy-wrenMalurus cyaneus
Spotted PardalotePardalotus punctata
White-browed ScrubwrenSericornis frontalis
Redhead FinchNeochmia temporalis
Pacific Black DuckAnas superciliosa
Chestnut TealAnas castanea
White-necked HeronArdea pacifica
White-faced HeronEgretta novaehollandiae
DollarbirdEurystomus orientalis
KookaburraDacelo novaeguineae
Sacred KingfisherTodiramphus sanctus
Grey ButcherbirdCracticus torquatus
Eastern WhipbirdPsophodes olivaceus
Satin BowerbirdPtilonorhynchus violaceus
FigbirdSphecotheres vieilloti
Noisy MinerManorina melanochephala
Australian MagpieGymnorhina tibicen
Pied CurrawongStrepera graculina
Magpie larkGrallina Cyanoleuca
Channel-billed CuckooScythrops novaehollandiae
Common KoelEudynamys scolopacea
Blacked-faced Cuckoo-ShrikeCoracina novaehollandiae
Golden WhistlerPachycephala pectoralis
Grey Shrike-ThrushColluricincla harmonica
Brown Cuckoo-DoveMacropygia amboinennsis
Australian Brush-turkeyAlectura lathami
Crested PigeonOcyphaps lophotes
Tawny FrogmouthPodargus strigoides
Owlet NightjarAegotheles cristatus

Mammals resident in, or visiting Tumbi Wetlands
Links below are to photographs of these mammals on this site.
Common Brushtail PossumTrichosurus vulpecula
Common Ringtail PossumPseudocheirus peregrinus
Grey Headed Fruit BatPteropus poliocephalus