Animal Diversity 
Human Intervention
Web of Life
Fauna at Tumbi Wetlands
Fungi at Tumbi Wetlands
The biodiversity existing among living things in a healthy environment includes

Plants - and -Animals - and - Fungi .

To learn more about any of the living things at Tumbi Wetlands, mouse click on one of the underlined links above or one of the photos below that describes your interest.


 Animals include invertebrates with no hard body parts
or with only a protective hard shell on the outside of the body.
Some of these have parts that are jointed so that they can move,
vertebrates, with an internal skeleton like humans

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Animals with soft bodies and no external protection: Worms
There are quite a lot of animals with soft bodies, many of which are so small that a microscope is needed to see them, but among the ones we can see, there is a variety of worms, including earthworms which live in the soil and leaches which usually are found in or near water.
Photo at left shows some of the small worms living in the mud at the bottom of the pool; notice the adaptation shown by the small one - it has a lot of bed blood cells to help it extract oxygen from the largely depleted water around it.
Leeches are segmented worms, just like earthworms, that usually live in water. They are an interesting part of the food chain as they are both food for predators and predators themselves.

Animals with soft bodies inside a hard shell: Molluscs or Snails
Some of the animals with soft bodies, protect themselves by growing a shell as a covering or a "house".

Here is one of the larger water snails at Tumbi Wetlands - less than 2 cm long, crawling along with feelers extended. They browse on the algae covering the rocks in the pond.

  Animals with hard shells and jointed legs: Arthropods
There are two major groups of animals with hard outer shells and jointed limbs. They are classified by the number of pairs of legs each one has. Insects have 3 pair, spiders have 4 pair and others e.g. centipedes, have more.
Insects and Spiders
 Insects are a very diverse group of animals and are divied into groups according to how their wings are structured. Some have four wings, like Dragonflies and Beetles. For Beetles the outer wings are hard like the body shell. Many insects have a life cycle of 4 stages
Egg  Caterpiller  Coocoon  Adult
but others just grow from small nymphs to larger adults, shedding their hard outer skin as they grow out of it.
Spiders are predators, hunters of smaller animals, which have evolved to have quite a variety of different web types. These were monitored during a biodiversity survey when at least 11 different types of webs were encountered. Some were large round webs at least half a metre across while the smallest was only a few centimetres across.

  Animals with backbones: vertebrates
There are no fish at Tumbi Wetlands but all the other vertebrate groups are represented:
Amphibians resident in, or visiting Tumbi Wetlands
  • Common Eastern Froglet
  • Crinia signifera
  • Striped Marsh Frog
  • Limnodynastes peronii
    Reptiles resident in, or visiting Tumbi Wetlands
  • Blue-tongued Lizard
  • Tiliqua scincoides
  • Land Mullet
  • Egernia major
  • Eastern Water Skink
  • Eulamprus quoyii
  • Common Garden Skink
  • Lampropholis guichenoti
  • Red-bellied Black Snake
  • Pseudechis porphyriacus
    Birds resident in, or visiting Tumbi Wetlands
    Links below are to photographs of these birds on this site.
  • Galah
  • Eolophus roseicapillus
  • Yellow-tailed Black-Cockatoo
  • Calyptorhynchus funereus
  • King Parrot
  • Alisterus scapularis
  • Rainbow Lorrikeet
  • Trichoglossus haematodus
  • Eastern Rosella
  • Platycercus eximius
  • Eastern Spinebill
  • Acanthorhynchus tenuiorosris
  • Little Wattlebird
  • Anthochaera chrysoptera
  • Red Wattlebird
  • Anthochaera carunculata
  • White-cheeked Honeyeater
  • Phylidonyris nigra
  • Scarlet Honeyeater
  • Myzomela sanguinolenta
  • Lewin's Honeyeater
  • Meliphaga lewinii
  • Noisy Friarbird
  • Philemon corniculatus
  • Noisy Miner
  • Manorina melanochephala
  • Eastern Yellow Robin
  • Eopsaltria australis
  • Rose Robin
  • Petroica rosea
  • Grey Fantail
  • Rhipidura albiscapa
  • Superb Fairy-wren
  • Malurus cyaneus
  • White-browed Scrubwren
  • Sericornis frontalis
  • Redhead Finch
  • Neochmia temporalis
  • Pacific Black Duck
  • Anas superciliosa
  • Chestnut Teal
  • Anas castanea
  • White-necked Heron
  • Ardea pacifica
  • White-faced Heron
  • Egretta novaehollandiae
  • Dollarbird
  • Eurystomus orientalis
  • Kookaburra
  • Dacelo novaeguineae
  • Sacred Kingfisher
  • Todiramphus sanctus
  • Grey Butcherbird
  • Cracticus torquatus
  • Eastern Whipbird
  • Psophodes olivaceus
  • Satin Bowerbird
  • Ptilonorhynchus violaceus
  • Figbird
  • Sphecotheres vieilloti
  • Australian Magpie
  • Gymnorhina tibicen
  • Pied Currawong
  • Strepera graculina
  • Magpie lark
  • Grallina Cyanoleuca
  • Channel-billed Cuckoo
  • Scythrops novaehollandiae
  • Common Koel
  • Eudynamys scolopacea
  • Blacked-faced Cuckoo-Shrike
  • Coracina novaehollandiae
  • Grey Shrike-Thrush
  • Colluricincla harmonica
  • Brown Cuckoo-Dove
  • Macropygia amboinennsis
  • Australian Brush-turkey
  • Alectura lathami
  • Crested Pigeon
  • Ocyphaps lophotes
  • Tawny Frogmouth
  • Podargus strigoides
  • Owlet Nightjar
  • Aegotheles cristatus
    Mammals resident in, or visiting Tumbi Wetlands
    Links below are to photographs of these mammals on this site.
    Common Brushtail PossumTrichosurus vulpecula
  • Common Ringtail Possum
  • Pseudocheirus peregrinus
  • Grey Headed Fruit Bat
  • Pteropus poliocephalus