All animals

The biodiversity existing among living things in a healthy environment includes invertebrates with no hard body parts or with only a protective hard shell on the outside of the body. Some of these have parts that are jointed so that they can move, and vertebrates, with an internal skeleton like humans.

All animals at Tumbi wetlands
[ Worms ] [ Snails ] [ Arthropods ] [Vertebrates ]

Animals with soft bodies and no external protection: Worms.
There are quite a lot of animals with soft bodies, many of which are so small that a microscope is needed to see them, but among the ones we can see, there is a variety of worms, including earthworms which live in the soil and leaches which usually are found in or near water.



Photo shows some of the small worms living in the mud at the bottom of the pool; notice the adaptation shown by the small one – it has a lot of bed blood cells to help it extract oxygen from the largely depleted water around it.
Leeches are segmented worms, just like earthworms, that usually live in water. They are an interesting part of the food chain as they are both food for predators and predators themselves.

Animals with soft bodies inside a hard shell: Molluscs or Snails.
Some of the animals with soft bodies, protect themselves by growing a shell as a covering or a “house”.

Water Snail

Water Snail

Here is one of the larger water snails at Tumbi Wetlands – less than 2 cm long, crawling along with feelers extended. They browse on the algae covering the rocks in the pond.

Animals with hard shells and jointed legs: Arthropods.
There are two major groups of animals with hard outer shells and jointed limbs. They are classified by the number of pairs of legs each one has. Insects have 3 pair, spiders have 4 pair and others e.g. centipedes, have more.

Insects and Spiders


Typical insect structure Typical spider structure
Insects are a very diverse group of animals and are divided into groups according to how their wings are structured. Some have four wings, like Dragonflies and Beetles. For Beetles the outer wings are hard like the body shell. Many insects have a life cycle of 4 stages
Egg Caterpiller Coocoon Adult
But others just grow from small nymphs to larger adults, shedding their hard outer skin as they grow out of it. Spiders are predators, hunters of smaller animals, which have evolved to have quite a variety of different web types. These were monitored during a biodiversity survey when at least 11 different types of webs were encountered. Some were large round webs at least half a metre across while the smallest was only a few centimetres across.

Animals with backbones: vertebrates.
There are no fish at Tumbi Wetlands but all the other vertebrate groups are represented:
[Amphibians ] [ Reptiles ] [ Birds ] [ Mammals ]

Amphibians resident in, or visiting Tumbi Wetlands

Common Eastern Froglet
Crinia signifera
Limnodynastes peronii
Striped Marsh Frog

Reptiles resident in, or visiting Tumbi Wetlands

Blue-tongued Lizard
Common Garden Skink
Eastern Water Skink
Egernia major
Eulamprus quoyii
Lampropholis guichenoti
Land Mullet
Pseudechis porphyriacus
Red-bellied Black Snake
Tiliqua scincoide

Birds resident in, or visiting Tumbi Wetlands

Black Cockatoo
Noisy Miner
Acanthorhynchus tenuiorosris
Aegotheles cristatus
Alectura lathami
Alisterus scapularis
Anas castanea
Anas superciliosa
Anthochaera carunculata
Anthochaera chrysoptera
Ardea pacifica
Australian Brush-turkey
Australian Magpie
Blacked-faced Cuckoo-Shrike
Brown Cuckoo-Dove
Calyptorhynchus funereus
Channel-billed Cuckoo
Chestnut Teal
Colluricincla harmonica
Common Koel violaceus
Coracina novaehollandiae
Cracticus torquatus
Crested Pigeon
Dacelo novaeguineae
Eastern Rosella
Eastern Spinebill
Eastern Whipbird
Eastern Yellow Robin
Egretta novaehollandiae
Eolophus roseicapillus
Eopsaltria australis
Eudynamys scolopacea
Eurystomus orientalis
Golden Whistler
Grallina Cyanoleuca
Grey Butcherbird
Grey Fantail
Grey Shrike-Thrush
Gymnorhina tibicen
King Parrot
Lewin’s Honeyeater
Lichenostomus chrysops
Little Wattlebird
Macropygia amboinennsis
Magpie lark
Malurus cyaneus
Manorina melanochephala
Meliphaga lewinii
Myzomela sanguinolenta
Neochmia temporalis
Noisy Friarbird
Noisy Miner
Ocyphaps lophotes
Owlet Nightjar
Pachycephala pectoralis
Pacific Black Duck
Pardalotus punctata
pardalotus punctatus
Petroica rosea
Philemon corniculatus
Phylidonyris nigra
Pied Currawong
Platycercus eximius
Podargus strigoides
Psophodes olivaceus
Rainbow Lorrikeet
Red Wattlebird
Redhead Finch
Rhipidura albiscapa
Rose Robin
Sacred Kingfisher
Satin Bowerbird
Scarlet Honeyeater
Scythrops novaehollandiae
Sericornis frontalis
Sphecotheres vieilloti
Spotted pardalote
Spotted Pardalote
Strepera graculina
Superb Fairy-wren
Tawny Frogmouth
Todiramphus sanctus
Trichoglossus haematodus
White-browed Scrubwren
White-cheeked Honeyeater
White-faced Heron
White-necked Heron
Yellow-faced Honeyeater

Mammals resident in, or visiting Tumbi Wetlands
Links below are to photographs of these mammals on this site.

Common Ringtail Possum
Common Brushtail Possum
Trichosurus vulpecula
Pseudocheirus peregrinus
Grey Headed Fruit Bat
Pteropus poliocephalus